Executive Editor: Edward Ellis III, Kazuo Shimozato General Editor: Daniel Buchbinder

Authors: Carl-Peter Cornelius, Nils Gellrich, Søren Hillerup, Kenji Kusumoto, Warren Schubert

Midface - Palatoalveolar, simple injury - ORIF

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Approaches to the maxilla

Approaches to the maxilla

Relevant to the required exposure in trauma of the midface two different approaches are possible: the maxillary vestibular approach (illustrated) and the midfacial degloving approach.

Horizontal lower lid laceration

Use of existing lacerations

Facial fractures are often associated with lacerations. These existing soft-tissue injuries can be used to access directly the facial bones for management of the fractures.


v1.0 2009-12-03