This is a rare isolated fracture pattern. It mostly occurs in combination with other midfacial or panfacial fractures. Left untreated can lead to malocclusions and widened maxilla.
|Non- or minimally displaced fractures in a compliant patient with good occlusion.|
Note: this situation is fairly uncommon.
|Non- or minimally displaced fractures in a compliant patient amenable to MMF.|
|Open reduction internal fixation|
|When MMF alone is unable to prevent splaying of the segments and a palatal splint is not available.|
|Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills|
|Some specialized surgical experience|
|Highly experienced and skilled surgeon|
|Basic equipment only|
|Simple surgical and imaging resources|
|Full specialized surgical and imaging resources|