Executive Editor: Edward Ellis III, Kazuo Shimozato General Editor: Daniel Buchbinder

Authors: Carl-Peter Cornelius, Nils Gellrich, Søren Hillerup, Kenji Kusumoto, Warren Schubert

Midface - Isolated zygomatic arch - Open reduction with fixation

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Coronal approach

Coronal approach

The coronal or bitemporal incision is used to approach the anterior cranial vault, the forehead, and the upper and middle regions of the facial skeleton.

Horizontal lower lid laceration

Use of existing lacerations

Facial fractures are often associated with lacerations. These existing soft-tissue injuries can be used to access directly the facial bones for management of the fractures.


v1.0 2009-12-03