General Editor: Luiz Vialle

Authors: Ilya Laufer, JJ Verlaan (on behalf of AOSpine Knowledge Forum Tumor)

Metastatic tumors Thoracolumbar, stable, low ESCC

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Conventional radiotherapy enlarge

Conventional radiotherapy delivers low dose per fraction radiation to the tumor and surrounding organs. Local control after conventional radiotherapy depends on tumor histology, with many solid tumor malignancies exhibiting radio resistance to conventional fractionation.

A short course of radiation (‘hypofractionated’) is recommended for patients with a limited life expectancy.

V1.0 2019.01.06