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2Treatment options

Involvement of the alveolar area

Alveolar process fractures can usually be treated by reduction and fixation with an arch bar that must be maintained for approximately 6 weeks to provide time for the fracture to heal.

As an alternative, open reduction and internal fixation may be used in selected isolated alveolar fractures and mostly in those associated with more severe mandibular fractures. Sufficient size of the teeth-bearing bone fragments is required in order to position the miniplates and screws without damaging the dental roots.

Tooth luxations and fractures are commonly associated. The teeth in the fracture lines should be carefully assessed clinically and radiographically to determine the need of extraction. Click here for further information on treating teeth in the line of fracture.