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Indications

32-B3, 32-C3 and usually 32-B2 fractures are not reducible fractures; therefore, biological fracture repairs are recommended.

A plate with a bridging function can under certain conditions be used alone for internal fixation of these fractures. If a bone plate is used alone, it must be able to withstand all the weight bearing forces during healing, as the bone will not initially be sharing the load.
A bridging plate used alone is acceptable in light weight, young dogs in which bone healing is fast.
For larger patients, stronger fixation such as plate and rod or an interlocking should be used. Double plating could be considered as an alternative.