A fracture wound, whether traumatic or surgical, that becomes infected almost always results in prolonged treatment and a suboptimal outcome.
Any surgeon who treats fractures should be aware of risk factors for infection. Every effort should be made to reduce the risk of infection by following the basic surgical principles of fracture care.
For more details see a synopsis of J. Wesley Alexander, MD, ScD; Joseph S. Solomkin, MD; Michael J. Edwards, MD (2011) Updated Recommendations for Control of Surgical Site Infections. Annals of Surgery. 253(6):1082-10