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2Diagnosis of wound infection

Serial observations of clinical symptoms and signs are most important for identifying the presence of infection.

Clinical examination

Serial observations of clinical symptoms and signs are most important for identifying the presence of infection. Increasing pain, seepage (either purulent or serosanguinous), swelling, redness, warmth and tenderness all suggest the possibility of a wound infection. Progressive worsening of one, or more, of these parameters is confirmatory. While some inflammation is caused by a fracture and by any operation to treat it, its severity should normally progressively decrease.