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2Principles of surgical care for open fractures

A key principle of safe surgical treatment is to minimize the number of bacteria that might enter the surgical wound.

Intraoperative wound contamination

A key principle of safe surgical treatment is to minimize the number of bacteria that might enter the surgical wound. Appropriate preoperative skin decontamination, with washing using antibacterial agents, is a mainstay of this.

Similarly, the use of sterile drapes, instruments and implants, and the maintenance of strict aseptic discipline throughout the procedure are also important.