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1Principles and indications

Indications

In fresh fractures, there are several indications for using a ring fixator:

  1. Severe soft-tissue compromise
  2. Multifragmentary fractures
  3. Fractures of the proximal or distal diaphysis, possibly with extension into the metaphysis
  4. Bone loss
  5. Delayed presentation of the fracture (>3 weeks)