Diagnosis

Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

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 Imaging
 Bilateral angle fracture
 Ramus fracture
Imaging
Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

Routine diagnosis of this type of fracture should include x-rays taken in two planes at 90° to each other. The minimum requirement is a PA view and a panoramic view.
CT or digital volume tomography (DVT) imaging may be used as an alternative.


Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

PA view of the same case.


Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

OPG shows a left angular fracture reaching the third molar socket.

For further information regarding teeth in the line of fracture see the dedicated section under "Special considerations".


Bilateral angle fracture
Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

PA view of a bilateral angle fracture.


Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

OPG of the same case.


Ramus fracture
Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

CT scans of a ramus fracture.

This type of high ramus fracture is usually treated the same way as the low condylar injuries.


Simple fractures of the mandibular angle and ramus

Click here for a description of the treatment of (low) condylar fractures.