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Posterior approach

Neurovascular structures.

Neurovascular structures

The neurovascular structures of the knee joint are at risk during the posterior approach. They are located between the two femoral condyles and the heads of the gastrocnemius muscle.

The location of the anatomical bifurcation of the tibial nerve varies and therefore careful dissection is essential. The use of a tourniquet facilitates the identification of the neurovascular bundle.