Humeral shaft fractures

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 Classic references
 Review references
 Further references
Classic references

Bell MJ, Beauchamp CG, Kellam JK, et al. The results of plating humeral shaft fractures in patients with multiple injuries. The Sunnybrook experience. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1985 Mar;67(2):293–296.

Sarmiento A, Kinman PB, Galvin EG, et al. Functional bracing of fractures of the shaft of the humerus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1977 Jul;59(5):596–601.


Review references

Attum B, Obremsky W. Treatment of humeral shaft fractures: a critical analysis review. JBJS Rev. 2015 Sep 29;3(9).


Further references

Bhandari M, Schemitsch E. Fractures of the humeral shaft. In: Browner B, Jupiter J, Levine A, et al, eds. Skeletal Trauma. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2015.

Blum J, Rommens PM, Janzing H, et al. [Retrograde nailing of humerus shaft fractures with the unreamed humerus nail. An international multicenter study]. Unfallchirurg. 1998;101(5):342–352. In German.

Chapman JR, Henley MB, Agel J, et al. Randomized prospective study of humeral shaft fracture fixation: intramedullary nails versus plates. J Orthop Trauma. 2000 Mar-Apr;14(3):162–166.

Chen F, Wang Z, Bhattacharyya T. Outcomes of nails versus plates for humeral shaft fractures: a Medicare cohort study. J Orthop Trauma. 2013 Feb;27(2):68–72.

Driesman AS, Fisher N, Karia R, et al. Fracture Site Mobility at 6 Weeks After Humeral Shaft Fracture Predicts Nonunion Without Surgery. J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Dec;31(12):657–662.

Ekholm R, Adami J, Tidermark J, et al. Fractures of the shaft of the humerus: an epidemiological study of 401 fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Nov;88(11):1469–1473.

Ekholm R, Ponzer S, Tornkvist H, et al. Primary radial nerve palsy in patients with acute humeral shaft fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2008;22(6):408–414.

Gerwin M, Hotchkiss RN, Weiland AJ. Alternative operative exposures of the posterior aspect of the humeral diaphysis with reference to the radial nerve. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Nov;78(11):1690–1695.

Hoppenfeld S, deBoer P, Buckley R. Surgical Exposures in Orthopedics: The Anatomic Approach. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:74–83.

Huttunen TT, Kannus P, Lepola V, et al. Surgical treatment of humeral-shaft fractures: a register-based study in Finland between 1987 and 2009. Injury. 2012 Oct;43(10):1704–1708.

Kim JW, Oh CW, Byun YS, et al. A prospective randomized study of operative treatment for noncomminuted humeral shaft fractures: conventional open plating versus minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis. J Orthop Trauma. 2015 Apr;29(4):189–194.

Korompilias AV, Lykissas MG, Kostas-Agnantis IP, et al. Approach to radial nerve palsy caused by humerus shaft fracture: is primary exploration necessary? Injury. 2013 Mar;44(3):323–326.

Mahabier KC, Vogels LM, Punt BJ, et al. Humeral shaft fractures: retrospective results of non-operative and operative treatment of 186 patients. Injury. 2013 Apr;44(4):427–430.

Marti RK, Verheyen CC, Besselaar PP. Humeral shaft nonunion: evaluation of uniform surgical repair in fifty-one patients. J Orthop Trauma. 2002 Feb;16(2):108–115.

McCormack RG, Brien D, Buckley RE, et al. Fixation of fractures of the shaft of the humerus by dynamic compression plate or intramedullary nail: a prospective, randomised trial. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2000 Apr;82(3):336–339.

Neuhaus V, Menendez M, Kurylo J, et al. Risk factors for fracture mobility six weeks after initiation of brace treatment of mid-diaphyseal humeral fractures. J Bone Joint Surg. 2014 Mar 5;96(5):403–407.

Redmond BJ, Biermann JS, Blasier RB. Interlocking intramedullary nailing of pathological fractures of the shaft of the humerus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Jun;78(6):891–896.

Scaglione M, Fabbri L, Dell’Omo D, et al. The role of external fixation in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures: a retrospective case study review on 85 humeral fractures. Injury. 2015 Feb;46(2):265–269.

Shields E, Sundem L, Childs S, et al. Factors predicting patient-reported functional outcome scores after humeral shaft fractures. Injury. 2015 Apr;46(4):693–698.

Zagorski JB, Latta LL, Zych GA, et al. Diaphyseal fractures of the humerus: treatment with prefabricated braces. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988 Apr;70(4):607–610.