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Supine position

Positioning

The patient is placed onto a radiolucent table in a supine position. 

The neck is put into a slight hyperextension by placing a pillow under the shoulders.

An additional small pillow is placed under the neck to prevent the cervical spine from moving when the anterior spine is manipulated.

When lower cervical levels needs to be seen in lateral imaging, adhesive straps are used to pull the shoulders downwards.

This author prefers to place the patient in a slight reverse-Trendelenburg position to decrease the venous pressure at the surgical site.

A C-arm should be placed to allow for intraoperative fluoroscopy.