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Anterior access to C3-C7



The side of the incision, left or right mainly depends on the surgeons’ preference.

By using a left sided approach the recurrent laryngeal nerve can be avoided.

By using a right sided approach the same nerve can be visualized and protected.

For patients undergoing revision metastatic spine tumor surgery and/or with history of radiation, a head and neck surgeon can help reduce the risk of approach related complications.