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Left sided thoracotomy T3-L1/2

Thoracic and lumbar pathologies: Left sided thoracotomy (T3-L1/2)

The posterior superior end of the incision should be sufficiently high to access the level above the involved vertebra. This is best checked by image intensifier.

In general, the thoracotomy should be planned to be two levels above the involved level.

Similarly, the most inferior part of the incision should allow access to the vertebra below the involved vertebra.