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Medial approach

Principles

The medial approach to the distal femur is useful to expose a medial distal femoral fractures, a Hoffa-type fracture, osteochondroma, or a neoplastic lesion of bone.

It is also useful to expose the neurovascular bundle when a distal femoral fracture is complicated by an arterial injury.

The approach can be extended to expose the posterior cruciate ligament.

This approach also allows limited access to the posterior aspect of the distal femur.