Executive Editor: Peter Trafton

Authors: Martin Jaeger, Frankie Leung, Wilson Li

Proximal humerus Extraarticular 3-part, surgical neck and tuberosity, dislocation

General considerations

This dislocation should be reduced as soon as possible to preserve the viability of the humeral head and neurological integrity. Most often, this is done in the OR using open techniques and muscle relaxing anesthesia. Typically, this open reduction is combined with an osteosynthesis of the fracture. While closed reduction might be successful, anesthesia with muscle relaxation should be used, and the possibility of an immediate open reduction must be considered. If closed reduction is satisfactory and displacement is minimal, nonoperative management may prove successful.

These injuries may include rotator cuff tears. An early postreduction MRI, or arthroscopic evaluation can help avoid unnecessary delays before surgical repair.



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v2.0 2011-05-02