References

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  1. Martinet O, Cordey J, Harder Y, et al (2000) The epidemiology of fractures of the distal femur. Injury; 31 Suppl 3:C62-3.
  2. Seinsheimer F, 3rd (1980) Fractures of the distal femur. Clin Orthop Relat Res;169-79.
  3. Ruedi T, Murphy WM (2000) AO Principles of Fracture Management. Vol. 1. Thieme: Stuttgart-New York.
  4. Weight M, Collinge C (2004) Early results of the less invasive stabilization system for mechanically unstable fractures of the distal femur (AO/OTA types A2, A3, C2, and C3). J Orthop Trauma; 18:503-8.
  5. Markmiller M, Konrad G, Sudkamp N (2004) Femur-LISS and distal femoral nail for fixation of distal femoral fractures: are there differences in outcome and complications? Clin Orthop Relat Res; 426:252-7.
  6. Nork SE, Segina DN, Aflatoon K, et al (2005) The association between supracondylar-intercondylar distal femoral fractures and coronal plane fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 87:564-9.
  7. Thomas TL, Meggitt BF (1981) A comparative study of methods for treating fractures of the distal half of the femur. J Bone Joint Surg Br; 63-B:3-6.
  8. Butt MS, Krikler SJ, Ali MS (1996) Displaced fractures of the distal femur in elderly patients. Operative versus non-operative treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Br; 78:110-4.
  9. Nasr AM, Mc Leod I, Sabboubeh A, et al (2000) Conservative or surgical management of distal femoral fractures. A retrospective study with a minimum five year follow-up. Acta Orthop Belg; 66:477-83.
  10. Halpenny J, Rorabeck CH (1984) Supracondylar fractures of the femur: results of treatment of 61 patients. Can J Surg; 27:606-9.
  11. Shahcheraghi GH, Doroodchi HR (1993) Supracondylar fracture of the femur: closed or open reduction? J Trauma; 34:499-502.
  12. Healy WL, Brooker AF, Jr. (1983) Distal femoral fractures. Comparison of open and closed methods of treatment. Clin Orthop Relat Res;166-71.
  13. Wu CC, Shih CH (1992) Treatment of femoral supracondylar unstable comminuted fractures. Comparisons between plating and Grosse-Kempf interlocking nailing techniques. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 111:232-6.
  14. Hartin NL, Harris I, Hazratwala K (2006) Retrograde nailing versus fixed-angle blade plating for supracondylar femoral fractures: a randomized controlled trial. ANZ J Surg; 76:290-4.
  15. Henry SL (2000) Supracondylar femur fractures treated percutaneously. Clin Orthop Relat Res;51-9.
  16. Christodoulou A, Terzidis I, Ploumis A, et al (2005) Supracondylar femoral fractures in elderly patients treated with the dynamic condylar screw and the retrograde intramedullary nail: a comparative study of the two methods. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 125:73-9.
  17. Mela G, Melis GC, Tolu S, et al (1989) The surgical treatment of supra-intercondylar fractures of the femur. Ital J Orthop Traumatol; 15:445-55.

 


Links to further distal-femur related evidence material