Executive Editor: Jörg Auer

Authors: Anton Fürst

Horse CMF

back to skeleton

Glossary

Approach to the parietal bone

The incision is centered over the fracture and depending on the surgical findings extended beyond the fracture ends.

Approach to paracondylar process

First, an endoscope is introduced in the guttural pouch to visualize nerves, arteries and veins in the wall of the guttural pouch.

Approach to frontal/nasal bone

For closed fractures, a curved incision of the skin is made starting at the center of the fracture and then extended beyond the length of the fracture.

Approach to the orbit

The incision is centered over the fracture and depending on the surgical findings extended beyond the fracture ends.

Approach to suture periostitis

Two paramedian incisions of 10 cm are made approximately 3 cm on either side of the median, down to the periosteum.

Stab incision between 6-7 teeth

Cheek teeth provide very good stability for tension wires, usually placed between the 06 and 07 teeth (the second and third premolar). To achieve this, the skin is clipped, surgically prepared and a short arthroscopy sleeve with a trocar or obturator is advanced into the mouth via a stab incision. This technique minimizes hemorrhage, which can be a problem when the tissue is cut with a scalpel. A drill bit is then introduced through a protective drill guide and a hole is prepared between the two cheek teeth.

Submandibular approach

An incision is placed ventrally on the mandible, centered over the fracture line.

Stab incisions: external fixator

A small stab incision is made at the intended location.

Approach to interdental space

The fracture site is approached through the mouth.
The mouth is held open using an appropriate mouth gag to allow access to the incisors as well as to the cheek teeth.

Approach to vertical ramus

A skin incision is placed on the ventral and caudal aspect of the vertical ramus.

1.0