AOSpine Needs Assessment

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Pipsa Ylanko, AOSpine Global Education Manager

General Editor: Luiz Vialle

Authors: Ronald Lehman, Daniel Riew, Klaus Schnake

Occipitocervical trauma

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Posterior access to C1-C2

The posterior access to C1-C2 is used for the posterior fixation of the C1-C2 joint.

Anterior access to C1-T2

This approach is used for an anterior access to C1–T2.

v1.0 2016.12.01