General Editor: Luiz Vialle

Authors: Ilya Laufer, JJ Verlaan (on behalf of AOSpine Knowledge Forum Tumor)

Metastatic tumors

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Glossary

Posterior access to C0-C5

This approach is used for posterior access to the occipitocervical spine.

Anterior access to C3-C7

This approach is used for an anterior access to the cervical spine.

Posterior access to C3-C7

This approach is used for posterior access to the cervical spine.

Posterior access to C7-T2

This approach is used for access to the posterior C7-T1 through T1–T2 levels.

Thoracic and lumbar fractures: Posterior open approach - midline approach (T1-S1)

Posterior access to T1-L5

The posterior midline approach (T1-L5) is indicated for posterior decompression and stabilization. 

Thoracic and Lumbar fractures: Percutaneous posterior approach for pedicle screw placement

Percutaneous pedicle screws

The percutaneous pedicle screw approach is indicated for posterior stabilization.

Thoracic and lumbar pathologies: Minimally invasive lumbotomy (L2-L4)

MIS lumbotomy in L2-L4

A left sided lumbotomy can be used to perform a decompression of levels L2-L4.

Thoracic and lumbar pathologies: Right sided thoracotomy (T3-T10)

Right sided thoracotomy (T3-T10)

A right sided thoracotomy can be used to perform a decompression of levels T3-T10.

Thoracic and lumbar pathologies: Left sided thoracotomy (T3-L1/2)

Left sided thoracotomy T3-L1/2

A left sided thoracotomy can be used to perform a decompression of levels T3-L1/2.

Thoracic and lumbar pathologies: Left sided thoracolumbar junction approach (T10-L2)

Thoracolumbar junction T10-L2

This approach might be replaced by left sided thoracotomy or the lumbotomy, depending on the level of the vertebra.

V1.0 2019.01.06