Executive Editor: Ernst Raaymakers, Joseph Schatzker, Rick Buckley

Authors: Matthias Hansen, Rodrigo Pesantez

Proximal tibia

back to skeleton

Glossary

Safe zones

Make sure to avoid the neurovascular structures around the knee (common peroneal nerve, deep peroneal nerve, and popliteal artery).

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Anterolateral approach

Make a straight incision lateral to the patella. Then, open the deep fascia anterior to the ilio-tibial tract.

The arthroscopic approach is only recommended in minimally, or nondisplaced, fractures in young patients.|alt

Arthroscopic approach

The arthroscopic approach is only recommended in minimally, or nondisplaced, fractures in young patients. Advanced experience in arthroscopic surgery is essential.

MIO approach

Identify Gerdy’s tubercle. Make a straight incision about 5cm in length starting posteriorly to Gerdy’s tubercle and running distally and anteriorly.

Posteromedial approach

With the knee in slight flexion make a straight or slightly curved incision running from the medial epicondyle towards the posteromedial edge of the tibia.

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Posterior approach

The posteromedial side can be approached without exposing and dissecting the neurovascular structures.         

v2.0 2010-05-15