AOTrauma Webinar:  Why Do Patients Get Infection?

May 30, 2017 14:00 CET

Main Presenter: Olivier Borens, MD (Switzerland)
Chat Moderator: Stephen Kates, MD (USA)

Surgical site infections after trauma are debilitating and costly. They are feared by the surgeon and the patient alike. The incidence of this complication can be decreased by proper preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management.
The goal of this webinar is to present easy-to-use tools and strategies that will lead to a decrease in the incidence of infection.

More information and registration...

Infection

Executive Editor: Chris Colton

Authors: Renato Fricker, Matej Kastelec, Fiesky Nuñez, Terry Axelrod

Thumb

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Glossary

Dorsal to IP joint of the thumb
This approach is indicated for intraarticular fractures, arthrodesis and avulsion fractures. enlarge

Indications

This approach is indicated for

  • Interphalangeal (IP) arthrodesis
  • intraarticular fractures of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb
    dorsal avulsion fractures of the base of the distal phalanx by the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon
  • Fracture avulsions of collateral ligament of the IP joint

 


There are four common skin incisions: The H-shaped, the Y-shaped, the lazy S-shaped and midline longitudinal incisions. enlarge

Skin incision

There are four common skin incisions: The H-shaped, the Y-shaped, the lazy S-shaped and midline longitudinal incisions.
The H-shaped incision is usually modified by diverging the sides slightly, to minimize vascular insult.


An alternative incision, designed to reduce potential soft-tissue trauma, is a simple transverse incision, which will ... enlarge

Transverse incision

An alternative incision, designed to reduce potential soft-tissue trauma, is a simple transverse incision, which will usually afford enough exposure for osteosynthesis and joint surface preparation for arthrodesis.

Pearl
Note that the level of the joint line lies deep to the most distal of the dorsal extensor creases: it is a common mistake of the less experienced surgeon to place the transverse incision too proximal, thereby limiting access to the base of the distal phalanx.


Depending on the shape of the skin incision, flaps should be elevated and held with fine sutures to minimize soft-tissue trauma. enlarge

Elevation of the skin flaps

Depending on the shape of the skin incision, flaps should be elevated and held with fine sutures to minimize soft-tissue trauma.
Tiny veins will appear, and should be coagulated with the bipolar forceps, as necessary.


Divide the distal tendon of the EPL using either a transverse tenotomy, a step cut, or a long oblique cut. The step cut and ... enlarge

Division of the extensor tendon

Divide the distal tendon of the EPL using either a transverse tenotomy, a step cut, or a long oblique cut.
The step cut and the oblique cut facilitate subsequent repair.


A straight dorsoradial, or dorsoulnar, skin incision will allow retraction of the distal tendon of EPL without having to ... enlarge

Alternative: retraction of tendon

A straight dorsoradial, or dorsoulnar, skin incision will allow retraction of the distal tendon of EPL without having to divide it.
This alternative only allows access to one condyle, but never to both.


Retract the EPL tendon proximally in order to expose the interphalangeal joint. enlarge

Exposure of the joint

Retract the EPL tendon proximally in order to expose the interphalangeal joint.


Repair the tenotomy using fine interrupted mattress sutures. enlarge

Wound closure

Repair the tenotomy using fine interrupted mattress sutures.

v1.0 2008-11-08