- Approach to thumb metacarpal
This approach is indicated for extraarticular fractures of the first
metacarpal, and for periarticular fractures of the first carpo-metacarpal
It is also a good choice for first carpo-metacarpal joint arthrodesis.
In the subcutaneous tissue, the dorsoulnar and dorsoradial divisions of the
dorsal sensory branch of the radial nerve must be protected. The surgical
approach is made between the tendons of extensor pollicis longus (EPL) and
extensor pollicis brevis (EPB).
The radial artery crosses over the trapezium.
Make a straight skin incision over the interval between EPL and EPB
throughout the length of the first metacarpal.
Alternatively, the incision can be made radial to the EPB. This incision can be extended proximally, curving in an ulnar direction.
Identify and protect the divisions of the dorsal sensory branches of the radial nerve, and the longitudinal veins.
Incision of the fascia
Incise the fascia between the EPL and EPB tendons and retract them to either side.
Alternative fascial incision
If the more radial skin incision has been chosen, incise the fascia on the radial side of EPB, and retract both tendons in an ulnar direction.
In the case of intraarticular fractures, or arthrodesis, a capsulotomy of the first carpo-metacarpal joint is made.
The fascia between the EPB and EPL tendons can be repaired either with a running suture or with multiple fine mattress sutures.
Lifting the periosteum and covering the implant with it, as far as possible, helps to minimize contact between extensor tendons and the implant. They will then glide over the periosteum, limiting additional injury.