Executive Editor: Jörg Auer

Authors: Anton Fürst

Horse CMF

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Lateral recumbency

When lateral recumbency is selected, the wound and/or fracture must be positioned upwards.


Fractures of the rostral mandible or the incisive bone with or without involvement of the incisors can be repaired in the standing horse using sedation and local anesthesia. For this purpose the head can be rested on padded stand.

An alternate technique involves the use of headstall that is suspended on the ceiling and can be elevated or lowered dependent upon the surgeon’s wishes.

General anesthesia is required for the treatment of complicated fractures, and nasal intubation is of great advantage rendering unobstructed view to the oral cavity. The horse should be fitted with good head protection for induction of anesthesia, and whenever possible should be assisted during recovery.

Dorsal recumbency

For most mandibular and maxillary fractures, the horse is placed in dorsal recumbency because this allows access to both sides of the head. For all other fractures, the position of the horse depends on the location of the fracture. The teeth are often involved in fractures and this presents a special problem, especially when the alveoli of the incisors or cheek teeth are involved.