Executive Editor: Jörg Auer

Authors: Anton Fürst

Horse Spine

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Sternal recumbency

The horse is positioned in sternal recumbency on the surgery table.

Dorsal recumbency

The horse is placed under general anesthesia in dorsal recumbency with the head extended. Custom-made wedges are used to stabilize the neck in a perfect sagittal position with good alignment of C2 and C3.

Lateral recumbency

If the procedure is performed under general anesthesia, the horse is placed in lateral recumbency with the displaced processes uppermost.


If the procedure is performed in the standing position, distinct advantages include: reduced hemorrhage, improved visibility, and better access to both sides of the dorsal spinous process(es), all of which facilitate dissection and separation of the muscular attachments.