Executive Editor: Peter Trafton

Authors: Theerachai Apivatthakakul, Surapong Anuraklekha, George Babikian, Fabio Castelli, Antonio Pace, Vajara Phiphobmongkol, Raymond White, Kodi Kojima, Matthew Camuso

Tibial shaft

back to skeleton

Glossary

Supine position for nailing

Perioperative checklist

Before starting the procedure, it is good practice to confirm a number of basic but important factors.

  • Confirm the patient and the limb to be operated on
  • Reevaluate the patient’s condition and that of the local soft tissue
  • Check that IV antibiotics have been started within the last 60 minutes
  • Wash the leg

See WHO perioperative checklist.


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Positioning

The patient is placed supine.
The knee will need to be flexed to 90-110 degrees for entry site access, and some kind of support is usually necessary so the tibia remains aligned and the foot can rest on something while the nail is driven home.
A small bolster may be placed underneath the buttocks of the injured leg. Slightly tilting the pelvis helps neutralize the tendency for external rotation of the limb.


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Position of the knee

It must be possible to flex the knee by 90-110 degrees.
This can be achieved by placing a foam triangle under the knee,...


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 ... or by an assistant’s holding the thigh.


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Alternative position

As an alternative, the operating table can be flexed. Place a bolster under the thigh to allow for up to 110 degrees of knee flexion.


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Pitfall: location of posterior support

Any support should be under the thigh and not press upon the popliteal fossa. This allows better knee flexion and avoids neurovascular compression.

v2.0 2012-05-13