General Editor: Daniel Buchbinder

Authors: Damir Matic, John Yoo

Facial nerve - Irreversible paralysis, mouth - Lower lip

back to CMF overview

Glossary

1 Introduction top

enlarge

With prolonged facial paralysis, the orbicularis oris muscle atrophies. This results in lower lip thinning and elongation.

Options for corrections include:

  • Wedge resection of the lower lip
  • Lower lip plication

2 Planning and surgical preparation top

enlarge

The amount of resection is determined by pinching the lower lip of the patient until the lip tubercle is centered at rest. Generally, this amounts to 10-20 mm of resection.

3 Technique top

Wedge resection of the lower lip

This procedure allows full thickness removal of the paralyzed side of the lower lip, resulting in centralization of the lip tubercle and symmetry at rest.

It can be performed under local anesthesia.


enlarge

A triangular wedge is drawn out in a vertical fashion starting 5 mm from the oral commissure.


enlarge

A full thickness incision is performed, and the defect is closed in 3 layers (mucosa, muscle, and skin).


enlarge

Alternative: lower lip plication

Alternatively, only the skin and red lip mucosa can be removed. The underlying orbicularis oris muscle is plicated enhancing the lip volume.


enlarge

Closure

The skin and mucosa are closed as separate layers.

4 Case example: longstanding facial paralysis top

enlarge

a) Patient with longstanding facial paralysis causing elongation of the lower lip.

b) Postoperative wedge excision improves lower lip symmetry at rest and with smile.