Executive Editor: Amy Kapatkin General Editor: Noel Moens

Authors: Cassio Ferrigno

Dog tibial shaft

back to skeleton

Glossary

Surgical procedures sorted by fracture type

Use this menu to jump directly into a specific classification (optional):
A1 A2 A3 B1 B2 B3 C1 C2 C3
A1

Incomplete fracture of the tibia or complete fracture of one of the two bones with the other bone intact

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Patients with fracture assessment score of 9 to 10 Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
External fixator Patients with fracture assessment score ≤8 Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Simple surgical and imaging resources
Bridging plate Patients with fracture assessment score ≤8 Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
A2

Simple oblique tibial

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Lag screw or cerclage with neutralization plate To achieve anatomical reconstruction Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
IM pin and cerclage wires For dogs with weight<10 kg with long oblique 42-A2 fractures Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
External fixator Open A2 fractures or when using MIO approach Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
A3

Simple transverse tibial

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Compression plate To achieve anatomical reconstruction Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
B1

One large reducible wedge in the tibial diaphysis

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Lag screw or cerclage with neutralization plate To achieve anatomical reconstruction Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Plate and rod To achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Interlocking nail To achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Bridging plate To achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
External fixator Open 42-B1 fractures or to achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
B2

Several reducible wedges in the tibial diaphysis

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Lag screw with neutralization plate To achieve anatomical reconstruction Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Plate and rod To achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Interlocking nail To achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Bridging plate To achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
External fixator Open 42-B2 fractures or to achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
B3

Nonreducible wedges in the tibial diaphysis

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Plate and rod To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
Interlocking nail To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
Bridging plate To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
External fixator Open 42-B3 fractures or to achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
C1

Reducible wedges in the tibial diaphysis

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Lag screw with neutralization plate To achieve anatomical reconstruction Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Plate and rod To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
Interlocking nail To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
Bridging plate To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
External fixator Open 42-C1 fractures or to achieve bridging fixation Some specialized surgical experience Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
C2

Segmental

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Plate and rod To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
Compression plate To achieve anatomical reconstruction Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
C3

Nonreducible wedges in the tibial diaphysis

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Plate and rod To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
Interlocking nail To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
Bridging plate To achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
External fixator Open 42-C3 fractures or to achieve bridging fixation Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Simple surgical and imaging resources
*Skill
Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills
Some specialized surgical experience Some specialized surgical experience
Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Highly experienced and skilled surgeon
*Equipment
Basic equipment only Basic equipment only
Simple surgical and imaging resources Simple surgical and imaging resources
Full specialized surgical and imaging resources Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

v2.0 2012-05-13