Executive Editor: Chris Colton

Authors: Florian Gebhard, Phil Kregor, Chris Oliver

Distal femur 33-B1.1/2 CRIF

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Glossary

1 Reduction top

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General consideration

Closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF) is used in minimally displaced, or undisplaced B1.1- and B1.2-type fractures.

Preliminary reduction
As B1.1- and B1.2-type fractures usually result from a valgus force, the application of a varus stress may reduce the fracture. If varus stress alone is not sufficient, a percutaneous clamp, or ball-spiked pusher, may be used to reduce the fracture. Arthroscopy may be helpful to assess the accuracy of the reduction.


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Temporary K-wire insertion

Under image intensifier control, make a stab incision over the lateral aspect of the injured condyle and insert a temporary K-wire, to hold the reduction.

Make sure, that the K-wire does not conflict with the planned screw tracks.

Check of reduction
Check the reduction in two planes using the image intensifier.

2 Insertion of partially threaded 6.5 mm lag screws top

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General consideration

In general, the screws are inserted at points along the midshaft axis of the femur (dashed line). The area distal to the Blumensaat’s intercondylar roof line must be avoided, in order not to violate the notch. In addition, the area of the lateral knee recess should be avoided.

If you need to insert a screw in the area distal to the Blumensaat’s intercondylar roof line, make sure to direct the screw anteriorly, in order to avoid the intercondylar notch.


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Drill screw hole

Make a small 1.2 cm incision. The incision should go through the iliotibial band.

Create a pilot hole using a 3.2 mm drill bit in the direction of the eventual screw insertion.


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Determine appropriate screw length

Insert a depth gauge into the hole, to determine the appropriate screw length. Generally, a screw is chosen which is 5-10 mm short of the medial cortex.


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Tapping

Remove the depth gauge and tap for the 6.5 mm cancellous bone screw under image intensifier control. In all but the densest cancellous bone of young athletes, tap only the near fragment – the screw itself will normally create its own thread in the cancellous bone of the far fragment.


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Screw insertion

Insert the 6.5 mm partially threaded cancellous bone screw and fully tighten. In the case illustrated, the partially threaded screw will have 32 mm of thread, as opposed to 16 mm of thread.

Note: a washer may be used particularly in osteoporotic patients.


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Additional screw insertion

Insert 1 or 2 additional screws in a similar manner, and remove the K-wire.

v1.0 2008-12-03