Executive Editor: Jörg Auer

Authors: Anton Fürst

Horse Spine

back to skeleton

Glossary

C1 (Atlas) fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Laminectomy Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

C2 (Axis) body fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Plate fixation (dorsally) Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
Plate fixation (ventrally) Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

C2 (Axis) dens fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Plate fixation with atlantoaxial arthrodesis Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

C3-C7 horizontal body fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Plate fixation If the spinal canal is involved and the fracture is unstable Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

C3-C7 vertical body fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Plate fixation Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

C3-C7 articular process fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Plate fixation Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

C3-C7 lateral nonarticular process fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only

Cervical complete luxations

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical management When closed reduction is possible and reluxation is improbable Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only

Cervical subluxations

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Arthrodesis with plates Subluxation in presence of neurological symptoms Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

Cervical instability

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical management Mild symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Arthrodesis with plates Presence of neurological symptoms and no improvement prospects with conservative treatment Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
Arthrodesis with Kerf-cut cylinder Presence of neurological symptoms and no improvement prospects with conservative treatment Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

Body fractures of thoracolumbar vertebrae

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Stabilization Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Some specialized surgical experience Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

Dorsal spinous process fractures of thoracolumbar vertebrae

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Closed fractures Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Resection Open fractures or severely displaced fragments Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources

Sacral fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Plate fixation Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

Coccygeal fractures

Please select a treatment option:
Treatment Main indication Skill Equipment
Nonsurgical fracture management Non- or slightly displaced fractures without neurological symptoms Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic equipment only
Resection Open fractures or severely displaced fragments Some specialized surgical experience Simple surgical and imaging resources
Plate fixation Decompression at the fracture site and provide stability Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Full specialized surgical and imaging resources
*Skill
Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills Basic surgical experience, no specialized skills
Some specialized surgical experience Some specialized surgical experience
Highly experienced and skilled surgeon Highly experienced and skilled surgeon
*Equipment
Basic equipment only Basic equipment only
Simple surgical and imaging resources Simple surgical and imaging resources
Full specialized surgical and imaging resources Full specialized surgical and imaging resources

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