Executive Editor: Fergal Monsell General Editor: Chris Colton

Authors: Andrew Howard, James Hunter, Theddy Slongo

Pediatric proximal femur 31-E/8

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Glossary

1 Introduction top

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Preliminary remarks

Large osteochondral fragments can be reattached with resorbable pins.

For good fixation, the pins must be inserted in a divergent manner so that the fragment cannot move.


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Approach

The preferred approach is via a surgical hip dislocation. This approach offers optimal assessment, reduction, and fixation.

2 Reduction top

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Once the femoral head is dislocated, the fragment is reduced anatomically.

If there is a delay to surgery, swelling of the cartilage of the fragment may be seen. This may need to be trimmed in order to reduce it fully.


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The fragment is held in place with finger pressure and one or two 1.2 or 1.6 mm K-wire(s) are temporarily inserted to hold the reduction.

3 Fixation top

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Pin insertion

When the fragment is perfectly reduced, two, three, or four divergent drill holes (according to the size of the fragment) are made for the resorbable pins.

Completely intraepiphyseal placement is preferred.


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The pins are inserted and cut at the level of the joint surface.

The K-wires are then carefully removed so as to avoid disturbing the pins.


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Alternatively, pins with heads are impacted so that the heads are just beneath the surface of the cartilage.


Hip reduction

Once the fixation is completed, the hip is reduced and free movement of the head without moving the fragment is checked.

4 Aftercare top

Only controlled range of motion, without forced movements, is permitted for 4-6 weeks postoperatively.

Full weight bearing is permitted after wound healing.

v1.0 2017-12-04