Executive Editor: Joseph Schatzker

Authors: Jonas Andermahr, Michael McKee, Diane Nam

Scapula Glenoid fossa, extraarticular, multifragmentary

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1 Introduction top


The critical step of this procedure is to achieve anatomical reduction as the angle of the glenoid has a direct influence on the functional outcome.


To achieve sufficient purchase of the screws in the scapular body, the plate is placed along the lateral border of the scapula.


Hardware selection

The standard plate for this fixation is the 2.7 or a 3.5 reconstruction plate. This plate will be used to bridge the comminuted area.

The plate should be long enough to allow placement of 3 screws in the lateral border of the scapula.

2 Patient preparation top

This procedure may be performed with the patient in either a prone position or lateral decubitus position.

3 Approach top


Plating of the glenoid neck and scapula is performed through a posterior approach.

4 Reduction and fixation top


It is best to use a reconstruction plate designed to take angularly stable screws.

The plate is bent at the right spot to subtend the usual angle between the glenoid and the lateral border of the scapula (130 - 135 degrees).

Up to 10 degrees deviation from the anatomically correct angle can be tolerated.

When angularly stable fixation is used the plate does not have to fit the bone, but must fit the overall contour.


The plate is fixed to the glenoid segment with two bicortical screws.

If locking screws are used, care must be taken regarding their direction so that they do not enter the joint.


The plate is then used as a reduction aid. 

Large deviations of the angle (>20 °) will reduce the functional outcome.

A trans-glenoid X-ray is recorded to verify whether the anatomical angle is achieved.

When the correct reduction and the correct angle between the glenoid fossa and the lateral border of the scapula have been achieved, screws are inserted along the lateral border of the scapula.

If indicated, use locking screws and in the articular block beware that they do not enter the joint.


Correct reduction and fixation is verified by image intensification.