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Pitfall: shoulder stiffness

To reduce the risk of stiffness, immobilization should be discarded as soon as possible. This can be done progressively, beginning with elimination of the swath (circumferential bandage) during the daytime and encouraging pendulum exercises.

The sling may be used on a part-time basis as soon as appropriate.

If formal physical therapy has not been prescribed, it should be considered for any patient whose range of motion is not improving as expected.