Indications

  • Displaced, unstable fractures  
  • Loss of reduction after nonoperative treatment
  • Open fractures

Contraindications

  • Poor general condition of the patient (high anesthetic risk)
  • Low demand patient
  • Peripheral vascular diseases
  • Poor state of soft tissues

Advantages

  • Anatomical reduction of the joint
  • Early functional recovery
  • Good long-term results

Disadvantages

  • Risk of wound infection
  • Risk of soft-tissue breakdown