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Drilling

Make a stab incision through the deltoid ligament. With the protection of the drill sleeve, drill a 2.5 mm hole as perpendicularly as possible to the fracture plane, and parallel and anterior to the K-wire. Do not drill to the lateral cortex.

Care must be taken to avoid penetration of the ankle joint.

Keeping the drill in place, check its position and the reduction under image intensification.


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Tapping

Measure the drill depth and tap the malleolar fragment only with the 4.0 mm cancellous bone tap, using the protection sleeve. The length of the screw chosen is based on the principle that all thread must lie proximal to the fracture plane. Be careful not to choose a screw that is too long, as its thread will come to lie in the fattier cancellous bone of the metaphysis, rather than in the denser bone of the former epiphysis.


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Insertion of the anterior screw

The chosen 4.0 mm cancellous bone screw should come to rest with its threads completely beyond the fracture line.

The use of a washer is recommended, especially in osteoporotic bone.

Insert the screw without excessive tightening.


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Replace the K-wire with a lag screw

Remove the K-wire. Make a stab incision through the deltoid ligament and enlarge the K-wire track with a 2.5 mm drill and protection sleeve.

After measuring the length and tapping the malleolar fragment, insert the second chosen 4.0 mm cancellous bone screw.

The fracture will be suitably fixed with the two cancellous bone screws and the joint surface reconstructed.