AO eLearning modules

There are four public eLearning modules available here which you can start immediately.

You will be able to cover the basic principles of these topics. With the built-in exercises you can immediately test your current knowledge and evaluate what you have just learnt.

For AO Course participants:
If you attend an AO Principles Course in the near future we strongly recommend that you work through these basic modules before the course. This way you can optimize your AO Course experience and study at a more advanced level.

Simply select the module you wish to start with from the menu below.

Use speakers or a headset
The eLearning modules contain audio and interactive test questions which allow you to test your new knowledge. Please use speakers or a headset to hear the audio.

Technical note
Usually these eLearning modules will begin automatically when you click on the links below. If the modules do not start, please click on the link “Technical instructions”.
Technical instructions

Legal note
Copyright © 2007 by AO Publishing, Switzerland
Check hazards and legal restrictions

Technical instructions
To open these eLearning modules on your computer you will need the following computer configurations:
  1. Flash Player installed. For installation, see below.
  2. Javascript must be enabled in your web browser.
  3. Pop-up blocker: The filter level must be on level "low" or "medium" (not on "high").
NOTE: If you are unable to change your computer settings yourself (ie, restrictions of a hospital), please contact your IT support personnel for help.

1: Flash Player
You need to have installed a Flash Player in your browser (in most cases this standard player is already installed and you may begin the modules immediately).

Get Flash PlayerNote: In the field below you will see which Flash Player version is installed in your browser. The minimum required version is 6.0.69. If the field below is empty or if you have a version earlier than 6.0.69, please install the latest Flash Player.
Click on the icon at right "Get Adobe Flash Player" and follow the instructions.

Legal Note
Great care has been taken to maintain the accuracy of the information indicated as being prepared by AO contained on these web pages. However, neither AO and/or a distributor and/or the authors of this work can be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of the information contained in this work.

Contributions published under the name of individual authors are statements and opinions solely of said authors and not of AO. Contributions in interactive discussion platforms are not monitored by AO neither regarding identity of Author nor content.

The products, procedures, and therapies described on in these web pages are only to be applied by certified and trained medical professionals in environments specially designed for such procedures. No suggested test or procedure should be carried out unless, in the user's professional judgment, its risk is justified. Whoever applies products, procedures, and therapies shown or described on these web pages will do this at their own risk. Because of rapid advances in the medical sciences, AO recommends that independent verification of diagnosis, therapies, drugs, dosages, and operation methods should be made before any action is taken.

Although all advertising material which may be inserted onto the web pages is expected to conform to ethical (medical) standards, inclusion in these web pages does not constitute a guarantee or endorsement of the quality or value of such product or of the claims made of it by its manufacturer. Legal restrictions for information indicated as being prepared by AO

These web pages were produced by AO Publishing and AO Education, Davos, Switzerland. All rights reserved by AO Publishing. These web pages contain works protected by copyright, trademark, and other laws. Prohibited are in particular any commercial use as well as any copying of the works contained on the web pages. It is prohibited to make them or any parts thereof available on any Intranet or on the Internet or to create derivative works based on the works contained on these web pages.

Restrictions on use: The rightful owner of an authorized copy of the works contained on the web pages may use them for educational and research purposes only. Single images or illustrations may be copied for research or educational purposes only. The images or illustrations may not be altered in any way and need to carry the following statement of origin "Copyright by AO Publishing, Switzerland".

Some names, instruments, treatments, logos, designs, etc. referred to on these web pages are also protected by patents and trademarks or by other intellectual property protection laws (eg, "AO", "ASIF", "AO/ASIF", "TRIANGLE/GLOBE Logo" are registered trademarks) even though specific reference to this fact is not always made on the web pages. Therefore, the appearance of a name, instrument, etc. without designation as proprietary is not to be construed as a representation by AO that it is in the public domain.

Privacy Statement
Hereinafter we publish our data protection policy in order for you to verify that all data provided by you is properly handled. If you have questions or comments regarding our data protection policy please send an e-mail to
  1. Legal basis
    We collect and process data by using electronic data processing and in compliance with the Swiss Federal Act on Data Protection.
  2. Data collection
    We only process data which we have rightfully obtained, such as (i) contact details, pictures etc. which you provided to us and (ii) data regarding a legal relationship between you and us (if existing) as for example data registered in connection with your application for an AO-course.
  3. Adequacy
    Our data processing is adequate and reasonable, i.e. we only collect and process personal data which is needed for the professional handling of your application or commission, for the statistical analysis of our website and for the enhancement of our products and services.
  4. Accuracy of data
    If we have any doubt regarding the accuracy of personal data which was provided to us, we will verify such data.
    If you notice that your personal data is incorrect or is not up to date, you may ask us any time to rectify the respective data at no cost.
  5. Data security
    Our data base containing your personal data is always protected by adequate technical and organizational measures against illegal access, illegal use of the data and data processing by unauthorized persons.
  6. Confidentiality
    We treat personal data confidential and do not hand over such data to others. We reserve, however, the right to have such data processed by third parties in Switzerland or abroad, if required for operational reasons. In this case said third party will have to sign a confidentiality agreement.
  7. Registration of data base
    Our data base has not been registered with the Swiss Federal Data Protection Commissioner.
  8. Termination of data processing
    You have the right to notify us at any time that you wish that your personal data shall not be processed by us any more.
  9. Place of jurisdiction
    All claims related to data protection matters shall be under the exclusive jurisdiction of the ordinary courts in Davos, Switzerland.

Davos, Switzerland July 2003